Laminated parquet is one of the most preferred choices for flooring in the home, office and villa. It has a number of technical benefits and is at a reasonable price. It has the ability to give a more interesting and atypical look, more natural (like wood or stone) or more style. It contributes to a good addition to the overall interior because it is available in many varieties that will satisfy every customer preference. If you still wonder if your decision will be right, get to know the basic questions. What is laminated parquet? What is his construction? How many years do the producers give him?
What is laminated parquet?
Laminated flooring is a type of flooring suitable for almost any room – corridor, kitchen, living room, bedroom. Before installing on the substrate, a substrate of appropriate thickness must be laid. There are models that are designed with an attached pad and those for which you have to choose a separate one. As laminated parquet is produced in a wide range, the pads vary. You can encounter coatings that are made to resemble a tree in different colors and one that looks almost like a natural one.
The lamination does not contain plastic as many people think. Although the initial impression of the species is exactly plastic material, the projections today have undergone significant changes. Production is geared to meeting consumer demand, and it is increasingly to resemble solid wood or natural stone.
Thanks to innovation in technology, all this is possible, but at a much more affordable price. Laminated parquet is actually made of four main layers – core, core, decorative-paper and top layer. Each of them has a separate function, and the ultimate goal is to create a product that can cope well with high temperature, acceptable moisture and strong pressure.
What durability does laminated parquet have?
Laminate is characterized by a relative durability, relative to the price you will pay for it. The lowest quality provides fewer years of living – about 10, while more quality workmanship – about 20-25 years. The high durability, under the influence of various climatic and external factors, is due to the multilayer construction.
In addition, its support is very easy. The cleaning is carried out with a vacuum cleaner and a damp cloth or steam cleaner for home use. There is no way to make a gross mistake when using detergents. Laminate is not a pretentious material – once or twice a week it is enough to take the necessary care (the period is relative, it depends on traffic).
The positive for the laminate is that it is resistant to scratching and fading. Excessive light and sunlight will not damage your beautiful flooring. Frequent passage through it, as well as placing furniture, do not disturb the overall appearance. There are materials that leave traces of heels, pet nails and others, but with the laminate you will not have a similar problem. It may take a long time to look like the first day of its installation.
Bumps and a certain degree of humidity – it can be installed even in kitchens and bathrooms where the humidity is quite high. However, if you take such a decision, you must take care of precautions – a barrier to moisture.
What is the construction of laminated parquet?
Below you will find out how the manufacturing process of laminated parquet is fully realized. Generally speaking, it is a pressing of all four layers under the influence of a high temperature-up to 300 ° F:
This is the first layer from bottom to top. There may be a pad attached to it or placed on its own. It is also called the “back of the laminate”. Takes responsibility for protecting the board from moisture and has a balancing function. Keep in mind that the pad is a must – do not try to save it because your floor can not be mounted properly. It is not just a whim of manufacturers – it plays a role of noise and heat insulation, improves the quality and durability of the floor
Layer core or board
It can be said that this is the main layer. It is designed for good durability and high density (HDF) or Medium Density (MDF) – depending on the model. The layer has a shield function to obtain recesses and moisture. It may be clear to you that HDF offers much higher stability and strength when compared to MDF. Keep in mind that when mounting is very important whether it is an HDF or MDF core – in the first case it is only possible to achieve micron routing accuracy
Above the base layer is a layer that is known for its decorative – paper appearance. Designing makes a huge variety of prints to attract attention. Viewed with the naked eye, this is the hallmark of laminates. Producers reproduce fully the woody lines, as well as natural stone or marble. More unusual designs for more sophisticated and non-traditional consumer wishes
The invisible top layer is made of aluminum oxide and has a protective function. It serves to prevent fading, the appearance of spots that can not be removed, and surface burns. The shine that is noticeable on the boards is due to him.
Layer has the ability to increase the period of operation by protecting the surface from scratches caused by animal nails, the heels of ladies’ shoes, furniture legs, toy scrubbing on the floor, and more. This layer is a barrier to penetration of harmful ultraviolet rays into the material, which can lead to fading
Production process of laminated parquet
Step 1: Arrange the 4 layers with great precision and precision
Use advanced technologies where layouts are arranged to arrange each layer one after the other. All of this is helped by electronic calibration equipment and systems that track numbers with incredible accuracy. Precision is needed to keep the sheet perfectly aligned and to obtain an ideal construction. They are arranged in sequence – substrate layer, core, print of the decorative layer and last is the protective
Step 2: Pressing – presses having hydraulic cylinders are used
There is serious pressure on stacked piles, which is done by pressing at high temperatures. It reaches 400 degrees Fahrenheit, with a pressure of up to 600 pounds per square inch for 20 to 30 seconds. It takes the form of streamlines. Machines do everything, and manufacturers only monitor the parameters for successful curing. If it is necessary to print some texture, then here is the time
Step 3: Acclimatization Process – Follow a cooling period
After the stacking and pressing required, the finished sheet needs to cool down. This process ensures complete cure and prevent superficial imperfections. In order to offer good quality to the customers, the manufacturers leave the panels to acclimate and strengthen their strength
Step 4: Finishing stage – Large bonded surfaces need to be commercialized
After having undergone the acclimatization process, it follows the cutting of the boards. After cutting into a certain length and width, the profiling saws continue to work until they have created the required edges of the tongue and the groove at the edge of the boards. That’s what makes it easy to attach as a puzzle to the boards with each other. The resulting boards are subjected to a quality check – to comply with the standard rules and any other small details. Approved, packaged and shipped for distribution